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Research Article |

The Objectification of Women in Adonis Durado’s “Balaki Ko ‘Day Samtang Gasakay Ta’g Habalhabal”

This research analyzed the intricate themes of objectification of women within the context of Adonis Durado's evocative poem. The study employs a qualitative-thematic approach to dissect the poem's narrative, unraveling the pervasive societal patterns that perpetuate the commodification, erosion of self-autonomy, and vulnerability of women. The analysis unveils that women's objectification is a result of commodities for male sexual gratification. The poem exemplifies how men's focus on women's physical attributes eclipses their individuality, intellect, and emotional depth. The persona's pursuit of sexual pleasure through explicit imagery highlights the demeaning lens through which women are perceived. Further, societal norms can diminish women's authority oneself. The persona's manipulation of the addressee illustrates the power dynamics that hinder women from expressing their desires and choices freely. This portrayal underscores the importance of fostering a culture that empowers women to reclaim their autonomy and assertiveness. Lastly, women's susceptibility to exploitation illustrates the consequences of societal norms that favor male dominance. The persona's assertive sexual commands exemplify the systemic disempowerment of women, leading to their portrayal as passive subjects meant to conform to male desires. This theme highlights the pressing need to challenge such ingrained norms and foster an environment where women are recognized as equals, free from the threat of violation. Collectively, this research accentuates the significance of analyzing literary works to engage in critical conversations about gender inequality and the objectification of women. By unearthing the layers of objectification, self-autonomy erosion, and vulnerability depicted in the poem, this study underscores the role of literature in shaping our understanding of gender dynamics. It underlines the necessity for transformative social change.

Women, Objectification, Gratification, Self-Autonomy, Violability

APA Style

Mae Granada-Ampo, W., Golosino Rojo, J. (2023). The Objectification of Women in Adonis Durado’s “Balaki Ko ‘Day Samtang Gasakay Ta’g Habalhabal”. International Journal of Literature and Arts, 11(6), 239-243.

ACS Style

Mae Granada-Ampo, W.; Golosino Rojo, J. The Objectification of Women in Adonis Durado’s “Balaki Ko ‘Day Samtang Gasakay Ta’g Habalhabal”. Int. J. Lit. Arts 2023, 11(6), 239-243. doi: 10.11648/j.ijla.20231106.12

AMA Style

Mae Granada-Ampo W, Golosino Rojo J. The Objectification of Women in Adonis Durado’s “Balaki Ko ‘Day Samtang Gasakay Ta’g Habalhabal”. Int J Lit Arts. 2023;11(6):239-243. doi: 10.11648/j.ijla.20231106.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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